11-15-18: Georgia Birds
This week we will learn all about the birds of Georgia!
COMMON BIRDS OF GEORGIA
- Backyard Birds: https://www.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/ket-earlychild-sci12/backyard-birds/
- Bird Beaks: https://www.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/pbs_org14_tlofb_sci_3/the-life-of-birds-bills-beaks-and-food/
- Bird Engineers: https://www.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/nat15.sci.lisci.nests/birds-designers-engineers-and-builders-of-nests/
How to create a successful birdhouse:
- Select a Suitable Nesting Location
- Each bird species has different habitat requirements, and this includes the environment they’ll choose for nesting. For example, the best location for a bluebird house is an area facing or surrounded by open fields, where the insects they eat and feed to their young are plentiful. Chickadees are just the opposite. They prefer houses in a thicket or a stand of small trees and shrubs. House wrens like their house to hang from a small tree in a more open yard. Purple martins select apartment houses placed on a tall pole in the middle of a lawn or open field. And tree swallows want to be close to water where they can find aquatic insects to eat and feed to their young.
- Use a Birdhouse That Fits
- Generally, small birds need small houses; large birds require large houses. House wrens are happy with an 8-inch-tall house with a 4- by 6-inch base, while a chickadee might select an 8-inch-tall house with a 5- by 5-inch base. Bluebirds need more room, so a box that’s 5-1/2 by 5-1/2 inches and 10 inches tall is perfect. Wood ducks and screech-owls need big houses, 10 by 10 inches and 24 inches high.
- Check the Entrance Hole
- A very important aspect of selecting the right house for the nesting birds you want to attract is the size of the entrance hole. House wrens require the smallest entrance, only 1-1/8 inches. This will also keep out competing nesters, since almost no other birds can fit through such a small opening. Wood ducks and screech-owls like an elliptical doorway that is 4 by 3 inches and about 20 inches above the floor of the house. The oval-shaped entrance helps prevent predators like raccoons from entering. Chickadees, tufted titmice and nuthatches are comfortable with a 1-1/4-inch hole, while bluebirds need about 1-1/2 inches to get inside.
- Hang It at the Right Height
- The final factor to consider is that nesting birds prefer their houses at different heights. Purple martin houses need to be about 15 to 20 feet above the ground. Wood ducks and screech-owls also need lofty homes, 12 to 40 feet high. For bluebirds, hang it 5 to 8 feet above the ground. House wrens prefer them 6 to 10 feet above the ground and hanging from a tree. Chickadees are most likely to nest in houses that are 4 to 8 feet above the floor of a thicket.
- Pick the Proper House Design
- In addition to specific habitats, different bird species also require varied types of birdhouses. Purple martins like to live in communities of many birds of their species. Therefore, an apartment-style house or multiple nesting gourds work best. House wrens li
- Even if you follow these five requirements, not every birdhouse will be successful in attracting birds. The best way to increase your odds is to offer multiple houses of several types. Then, chances are good you’ll have some winged tenants to admire come nesting season.
Bird House Ideas:
Bird Feeder Ideas:
Other Popsicle Stick Garden Crafts to Try:
Build a Bird Worksheet: